As we all know, it’s impossible to make a craft without wood. In our time, it is known, a lot of wood species, which are different in quality, hardness, softness, color, properties, etc.
Wood can respond to climatic conditions. For example, if you keep plywood in a warm, not ventilated room, the plywood deteriorates with time. for modern front door designs.
Wood consists of elongated thin cells like straws, which carry water with dissolved mineral substances from roots to leaves, where organic substances necessary for tree growth are formed in the light. The wood of each breed has cells that are characteristic of it only.
Wood is soft and hard.
Is the wood that represents, from itself, evergreen coniferous trees. It is usually softer and cheaper than hardwood, as coniferous trees grow faster. Softwood is common in furniture production and is a raw material for making paper. From softwood, veneers are made, then plywood, well, we, in turn, cut from the plywood crafts.
This is the so-called broad-leaved tree species. It’s expensive, because Hardwood denser than soft, the products made of it are durable and durable. That’s why such wood is valued in carpentry.
In Soviet times, the wood was divided into two groups: “Coniferous” and “Leafy”.
Coniferous – was considered a soft breed.
Deciduous – related to hard rocks. so here are 20+ types of wood.
Types of wood
1. Pine tree
There are many varieties of pine, commonly used in construction and for the manufacture of certain types of furniture.
Breeds growing in Honduras and Africa are widely used in furniture production, usually in the form of veneer.
3. The Elm
The good general-purpose material used in shipbuilding, as a structural material, and for turning operations.
Light and durable cedar wood eventually becomes gray with time. It is used for the manufacture of stairs, window frames.
5. Fir Douglas Fir, or in other ways
Very tall trees, the wood of which is used as a structural material, in furniture and plywood production.
The fine finely fibrous beech wood is suitable for furniture manufacturing, for turning work, for the production of toys, but not for products used in the open air.
Very strong and durable oak wood is needed for construction and furniture manufacturing.
Light wood. Used in the manufacture of furniture and small parts, such as turning products.
Heavy and durable teak wood is used in joinery and furniture production and shipbuilding.
10. The Birch
Moderately hard birch wood is widely used in carpentry and furniture production.
11. Beech Oak
A brown European colored oak is very much appreciated as a facing material for furniture.
Has extremely hard and expensive wood. Used in the manufacture of keys for musical instruments, chess pieces, etc.
Moderately soft larch wood is used both in furniture manufacture and for making piles, poles, sleepers, floors.
14. Nut black
Excellent material for furniture and turning products.
Very hard and durable ash wood is used for making tool handles, sports equipment. Excellent material for turning operations.
It grows in West Africa. It is used in the manufacture of furniture. Sometimes it is marinated under mahogany.
17. Maple Silver
Part of maple wood with marks from underdeveloped branches is used in the form of veneer.
18. American linden
Light hardwood. Used for the manufacture of cases, toys, some types of furniture.
It grows in Africa. It is used for making decorative furniture, usually in the form of veneer.
20 Bamboo Tree
A bamboo is a group of tree-like grasses that grow on the territory of the tropics. A lot of bamboos grows in China. In this article, we will talk about what bamboo is made of, what are the properties of bamboo and what are its advantages.
The color range of rosewood wood varies depending on the variety. The main background is from pinkish-light brown to brick-red or chocolate brownish. The pattern is dark veins, often with a purple hue.
Wenge is a rare and valuable species of tropical wood, which is obtained from Wenge wood. Wood perfectly resists fungi and insects. The most demanded is the dark and very dense wood of the core of the tree, which is an important material as a result of its properties, beautiful color and texture.
Aspen wood is quite soft and dense. It can be easily processed with a sharp tool, it can be cut, milled, cut and cut. Gluing also occurs without difficulty, the connection with nails is satisfactory. The surface of the aspen is easily processed, but at the same time it is difficult to be polished.
Freshly cut white alder wood quickly turns yellow, often to orange shades. Due to the action of oil or drying oil, alder acquires a fairly intense, uniform color, which distinguishes it from other types of wood. In the alder board, core repetitions often occur in the form of longitudinal narrow brown dashes, and sometimes dark broad inclusions occur.
The cherry wood has an average density, resulting in medium-heavy wood. Dry cherry wood is quite stable, mainly in the application for domestic work. It is fairly well processed and, as a result of its homogeneity, is easily polished, allowing you to get pretty smooth surfaces. However, it is not very resistant to fungal decay, and bugs-grinders like this wood very much.