To understand how the wooden retaining walls in landscape design will look, the photos of their implementations made on other sites will help the best. But in addition to their appearance, it is worthwhile to know how they are created in order to understand what difficulties can be encountered in their design, and what problems the site can solve with their help. for Blocks Retaining Wall Designs.
Variants of designs and the purpose of their installation on the site
The retaining walls and paths in landscape design occupy a special place. They cannot be underestimated, because they can look, in some cases, even more successfully than beds and alpine hills. Moreover, with flower beds, they can be combined with them quite well, creating a kind of hanging gardens.
Landscape design of the site retaining walls is difficult to spoil, on the contrary, they allow to solve not only the issue of the presence of stationary scenery but also a number of complex problems associated with the ground on the site. With their help, you can eliminate the probability of seasonal slumping of soil, associated with excessive moisture or surplus soil.
From the point of view of the decorator, they can also be considered for creating different zones, some of which will perform one function, and some will perform the other.
However, the walls differ not only in functional type but also in their dimensions, although these two concepts are interrelated. An exceptionally decorative function is performed by miniature and compact walls up to half a meter high. Walls of medium size on the order of 50 to 70 centimetres high are already carrying out the function of containment of soil – a support, and high objects, in height exceeding 1 meter, already perform first of all a full containment of soil in especially large volumes. They are used as a rational solution to the problems of ground motion.
Used materials and decoration methods
However, it is possible to distinguish walls by other attributes, for example, on the materials used. Surely you saw beautiful cement, metal retaining walls in landscape design on any sites. They are made of natural, composite materials, cement, metal and even plastic.
Objects can be completely executed from natural stone, but their functionality is limited enough for obvious reasons, therefore, more often natural stone is used as a decorative component, but the base is made of brick, concrete or reinforced concrete slabs retaining wall. At the same time, it is possible to use as ready-made products as a basis, so to create on the site from scratch on the basis of available components.
For facing walls, natural stones can be used, for example, sandstone, limestone and limestone
Metal walls are usually not cladded, but used as is, but additionally processed to avoid premature damage to the design of extending the service life. The plastic can be used at all without additional processing, provided its high decorative properties.
Bricks, tiles are also widely used for cladding, and in rare cases even mosaic. An additional decor can act plants planted in the fenced area. The only condition, in this case, is only that their root system is underdeveloped. Otherwise, plants can in time irreparably damage the walls.
Features of the design development
Since the walls represent engineering structures, certain rules should be followed for their design that relates to the following categories.
Foundation, Dimensions and proportions, Auxiliary elements.
Regardless of the type of walls, they must necessarily have a foundation. It is necessary first of all to create a stable foundation that prevents the self-destruction of the walls under the influence of a combination of factors. Also, the foundation will further contain the soil.
It is important: the foundation cannot be installed only if the wall is only decorative and is used to create a geo-plastic – artificial correction of the flat relief of the site.
If the foundation is not settled, it is required instead to create a wall structure that will hold back the fertile layer of the soil, especially if it involves multi-level terracing. In this case, not a separate foundation will be created, but a deepened part of the wall expanded at the base. It will perform the same function. To deepen the wall in this case, at least a third of its height, at an altitude of 90 cm, respectively, the underground part will be 30 cm. The width of the lower part should be twice as large as the top.
Walls must necessarily contain drainage elements. If desired, lighting elements can be incorporated into the structure, which will illuminate the area in the twilight.
Ways of self-improvement
There are many ways to build a stone retaining wall of landscape design. These include several basic designs, each of which has its own advantages and features. The most popular of them are three:
Gabions, Full fencing, Compact fencing.
The least expensive in this case will be the use of gabions. In this case, the stone retaining walls with their own hands are made very quickly and do not require special patience and perseverance. Similar designs began to be used in the Renaissance. Their design has changed somewhat, but the purpose and main features remained the same. Their feature is in multifunctionality, so they can be used not just as part of a general concept or design feature, but as a full-fledged basis. But it is worth noting that in this case, the site will be more like a fort protected in all senses.
More attractive in this case will be small concrete retaining walls, made mainly of stone and adhesive mortar, as well as the more spacious structures created in the same style, performing immediately the function of terracing, and not simply decorating the site. They are much harder to create, but if the style of the site is a priority, then their use will definitely be preferable.
The stone retaining wall are done quickly, and most importantly – of any height. For their construction, a concrete mortar is not required, but only natural stones and a rectangular metal mesh-container. The only condition is that the grid cells must be smaller than the smallest stone that fills it. Gabions can be installed one on top of another and thereby form the height of the wall. They can be used for both terracing and simply to contain large masses of soil. In the city and outside it is often possible to find the same structures that keep the level of soil when creating bridges and embankments.
The peculiarity of stone retaining wall this method is that all used grids should have the same size and compatible shape. It is also advisable to use stones from the same deposit in order to maintain the color gamut on the whole plot.
The best option is taken as a basis for a taken mesh of metal with a polymer coating. It will protect the structure from corrosion and allow for a long period to keep the stone retaining wall in its original form.
Full walls and fences
If the temporary resources allow more, you can make a more attractive wall, but no less functional wall. As its basis, a concrete or reinforced concrete slab cast in place will be used. Under it is required to create from polypropylene pipes and rubble.
To create the body of the stone retaining wall will require a collapsible formwork, and when creating high and multi-level structures with steps, there is also a skeleton. Frozen on the next day, the wall can be freed from the formwork and decorated according to its own design – tiles, wild or artificial stone, etc. But there is another interesting option that you can implement on your site.
This method is most suitable for those who do not have sufficient funds for the purchase of wild stone, and there is no way to find such a construction option nearby. In this case, a fresh barely grabbed concrete retaining wall composition can be textured with a stone.
This is done with the help of a trowel, which marks the future cobblestones. Each of them must have its own unique size, shape and position. According to the conducted marking, artificial seams are created, along which furrows are created on a concrete retaining wall surface.
After hardening, the concrete retaining wall can be further processed with metal brushes to create a stone effect, wash off the dust and after drying the surface paint the surface and open with a waterproof facade varnish.
Landscape Retaining walls design
The wall of a small width (up to 20-30 cm) can be laid without the use of a concrete base. The starting material will be blocks, brick or natural stone retaining walls. They will be stacked on the tape foundation. Beyond the wall on the side of the soil embankment, drainage in the form of crushed stone, which is wrapped in a roll of agrofiber, will be required. From above this role will be covered with a fertile layer of soil level with the wall installed.
As for the masonry itself, it is better to arrange it with a non-concrete mortar, but with a special glue intended for glueing stones. It is sold as a dry mixture, which is diluted with water to the desired consistency.
Another important point in the creation of walls is the qualitative preparation of materials. For example, a stone is difficult to connect with each other because of a large amount of dust and debris. Therefore it is desirable to wash it with a large amount of water with a head and only after that use.
Clutch can be used classical, or slanting. In the second case, the stone retaining wall will not have an even surface, so it will have to be covered with a horizontal layer of stones. But in general, such masonry will look more natural and match the style of the rock, provided that the layer of the adhesive solution will be invisible.
Parting words and conclusions
As is clear from the above material, the retaining walls of stone in landscape design occupy a special place. It allows you to apply geo-plastic on the site, forms a relief, gives it the correct geometric forms, plays with levels. The latter possibility is particularly clearly visible when introducing such a design technique as terracing.
The most successful retaining walls are poured into the areas located on the slopes, no matter where they are. They are equally advantageous in coping with the mission entrusted to them if the site is located on the top of a hill, in its middle part or even in a lowland. In this case, they will perform different functions in each case.
Such walls work well in combination with steps, they can serve as an excellent base for benches, and also be used as delimiters of zones on the site. They will help not only to win advantageously the non-standard relief but also to create it from scratch on an absolutely flat site. This can be done and if the wall is only one, and if they create a whole cascade.
The last, but important advantage of such an element may be the possibility of creating a real fence, the basis of which will be the same wall that extends beyond the site. Use a similar engineering structure on your site, and you will be able to appreciate all its advantages.